World carbon emissions on the rise again

German Chancellor Angela Merkel is due to give a

"This is very disappointing", said Corinne Le Quere, director of the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research at the University of East Anglia and lead author of a major study detailing the findings.

Preliminary figures project that worldwide carbon dioxide emissions are up about 2 percent this year.

The 196-nation Paris Agreement, adopted in 2015, calls for capping global warming at 2 C below pre-industrial levels.

Earth is overheating due to the burning of oil, gas and especially coal to power the global economy.

Constanze Haug, head of secretariat of the International Carbon Action Partnership (ICAP), told Xinhua that China played a role as a model to other developing countries in climate field. This is mainly because of increased emissions from China, which is witnessing a spurt in industrial growth, a multinational team of researchers said on Monday. Their overall contribution to total greenhouse gas emissions is estimated at between 37 and 49 per cent globally, depending on base assumptions of data used.

Growth in renewables and improved energy efficiency still provide reasons to be optimistic, according to Jackson. Those hopes were premature.

Dr Glen Peters of the Centre for International Climate Research in Oslo said, "The growth in 2017 emissions is unwelcome news, but it is too early to say whether it is a one-off event on a way to a global peak in emissions, or the start of a new period with upward pressure on global emissions growth".

"Even though we project carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels and industry to increase 2% in 2017, large uncertainties persist, and growth [rates] between 1% and 3% are distinct possibilities given difficulties in making projections".

Urban areas account for around two-thirds of the world's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from global energy use.

United States emissions were set to decline by 0.4% this year, a smaller fall than in recent years, reflecting a rise in the burning of coal. At the same time, the US will lobby for an increase in the use of coal.

Similarly, the Cities Climate Finance Leadership Alliance (a group of some 40 organizations working to mobilize investment in low-carbon and climate-resilient infrastructure in cities and urban areas internationally) is mapping available finance to match known infrastructure projects - a critical requirement to help local governments identify funding. "When the rest of the world is still struggling with what they should do with the CCUS, China is doing it, and the same goes to limiting coal consumption and deploying renewables".

The news adds extra pressure to policymakers and diplomats gathered in Germany for the final week of talks at the annual United Nations climate summit.

An increase of 1-3 deg C, for example, would likely provoke the loss of Arctic summer sea ice, warm-water coral reefs, and mountain glaciers.

"Climate change acts fast and is not sparing the finest treasures of our planet", said IUCN director general Inger Andersen. Deforestation and land-use change drove those increases until about 1920, when fossil fuel use became the dominant source of carbon emissions. The report found that 29 percent of UNESCO natural sites faced "significant" threats, and seven percent - including the Everglades National Park in the United States and Lake Turkana in Kenya - had a "critical" outlook.

"There was a big push to sign the Paris agreement on climate change but there is a feeling that not very much has happened since, a bit of slackening", she continues.

Negotiators are gathered in Bonn to work out a nuts-and-bolts rulebook for executing the pact adopted by almost 200 countries in the French capital in 2015.

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